How Insulation Works

Understanding How Insulation Works

Why insulation is essential to home comfort and efficiency in Eastern & Central PA

attic insulation

Blown cellulose insulation provides the necessary R-value to improve your home's comfort and efficiency.

When deciding how to best improve your home's energy efficiency and comfort, it's important to understand the science behind insulation. Every home is different, and the experts at ITG Basement Systems can help you get the right insulation and air sealing services you need to get the results you want in your home.

We offer attic insulation, air sealing, and duct insulation services that are designed to fix energy efficiency problems, save you money, and create a more comfortable home. Call us today at 1-844-847-8723 or click below to get a free estimate on any of our services in Allentown, Reading, Scranton and the nearby areas!

The effect insulation has on your home

Insulation is installed in homes to limit heat transfer. This means preventing the air you pay to heat from escaping during the winter and preventing hot, humid air from the outside from entering the home in the summer.

If you know how your home's insulation works, you can also understand what makes it malfunction and contribute to poor energy performance in a house. Here's what can go wrong:

  • Voids: Voids are areas of missing insulation. These can happen as a product of improper installation or be required by code. For example, an insulation void is required around a recessed "can" light that is not rated for insulation contact. Whatever the reason, insulation voids allow heat transfer by convection and radiation. Research has shown that just a 4% void in fiberglass batt insulation can result in a 50% reduction in insulation effectiveness.
  • Compression: Compression happens when fiberglass batt insulation is pushed down, which eliminates many of the tiny trapped air pockets that provide insulation value.
  • Air movement: Air passing through insulation diminishes insulation effectiveness because it deposits dirt in the air pockets of the insulation, reducing its ability to resist convective heat loss. To effectively slow heat transfer, the air pockets in insulation must be clean. This is why air sealing is essential before adding insulation.
  • Moisture: When insulation is exposed to moisture, R-value is decreased because the air pockets that are supposed to provide resistance to heat transfer are now filled with water!

Choosing the right R-value for your home

All insulation shares a common unit of measure known as R-value. The "R" stands for resistance to heat flow. A high R-value means greater resistance to heat flow and thus, greater insulating value. R-value is described both in R-value per inch and in total R-value.

The Department of Energy recommends homes have attic insulation that provides between R-38 and R-49, depending on your climate. Blown cellulose insulation from Attic Systems is the most efficient method to reach this level and improve your home's energy performance.

Get the right insulation solutions for your home

Ready to improve your home's energy efficiency and comfort? The local attic insulation experts at ITG Basement Systems can help you get the right solutions for your specific needs and provide you with a quality installation.

Call us today at 1-844-847-8723 or contact us online to get a free estimate on any of our insulation or air sealing services. We offer all our work in Allentown, Reading, Scranton, Bethlehem, Wilkes Barre, Harrisburg, Altoona, York, State College, Williamsport and throughout the surrounding areas.

Looking for a price? Get a no cost, no obligation free estimate.

our service area

We serve the following areas

Our Locations:

ITG Basement Systems
315 Point Township Drive
Northumberland, PA 17857
1-570-884-7230